Exercise interventions for cerebral palsy

For children with CP, there is evidence that aerobic exercise may result in a small improvement in gross motor function, though it does not improve gait speed.

Institute of Environment, Health and Societies, Brunel University London, Kingston Lane, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UK


Parents’ experience of participation in physical activities for children with cerebral alsy – protecting and pushing towards independence

How do parents of children with cerebral palsy (CP) experience their child's participation in physical activities and to identify facilitators and barriers for being physically active and reducing sedentary behaviour?

Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine , Lund University , Lund , Sweden.


Participation in physical activities for children with cerebral palsy: feasibility and effectiveness of physical activity on prescription

The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of PAP for children with CP and its effectiveness on participation in physical activity and sedentary behaviour.

Katarina Lauruschkus, Inger Hallström, Lena Westbom, Åsa Tornberg and Eva Nordmark


Effect of weight bearing exercise to improve bone mineral density in children with cerebral palsy: a meta-analysis

Weight bearing exercise has a significant effect on improving BMD of the femur in children with CP.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Konkuk University Medical Center and Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


Early mobilization by locomotion therapy

following minimally invasive multi-level surgery for children and young adults with cerebral palsy

Product: Innowalk
Strobl, W.M., Senghaas, P., Schuseil, J. & Kollaschinski, M.


Exercise and physical activity

recommendations for people with cerebral palsy

Verschuren, O., Peterson, M.D., Balemans, A.D.J. & Hurvitz, E.A.


Chronic Conditions in Adults with Cerebral palsy

We examined estimates of chronic conditions in a population-representative sample of adults with CP.

Mark D.Peterson, Jennifer M.Ruan, Edward A.Huvitx and Elham Mahmoudi


It’s fun, but …

Children with cerebral palsy and their experiences of participation in physical activities.

Lauruschkus, K., Nordmark, E. & Hallström, I.


Health-related physical fitness

for children with cerebral palsy

Maltais, D.B., Wiart, L., Fowler, E., Verschuren, O. & Damiano, D. L.


Muscle activation and energy-requirements

for varying postures in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy

Verschuren, O., Peterson, M.D., Leferink, S. & Darrah, J.


A systematic review of interventions for children with Cerebral Palsy: state of the evidence

AIM: The aim of this study was to describe systematically the best available intervention evidence for children with cerebral palsy (CP).

Cerebral Palsy Alliance, Sydney, Australia; University of Notre Dame Australia, Sydney, Australia.


Physical activity in a total population of children and adolescents with cerebral palsy

The aims of this study were to describe the participation in physical activity of children with cerebral palsy (CP) at school and during leisure time and to identify characteristics associated with physical activity.

Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.


Effects of passive versus dynamic loading interventions on bone health in children who are nonambulatory

Dynamic standing demonstrated the potential of moderate-magnitude, low-frequency loading to increase cortical BMD. Further investigations could provide insight into the mechanisms of bone health induced through loading interventions.

Human Performance and Engineering Laboratory, Kessler Foundation Research Center, West Orange, New Jersey 07052, USA


Fractures in children with cerebral palsy: a total population study

AIM: To analyse factors associated with fractures in children with cerebral palsy (CP) in different levels of Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS).

Ulrike Uddenfeldt Wort, Eva Nordmark, Philippe Wagner, Henrik Duppe and Lena Westbom.


Effects of passive versus dynamic loading interventions

on bone health in children who are nonambulatory

Damcott, M., Blochlinger, S. & Foulds, R.


Systematic Review and evidence-based clinical recommendation

for dosing of pediatric supported standing programs

Paleg, G.S., Smith, B.A. & Glickman, L.B.


Can a six-week exercise intervention improve gross motor function for non-ambulant children with cerebral palsy?

A pilot randomized controlled trial.

Bryant, E., Pountney, T., Williams, H. & Edelman, N.


Health-Enhancing Physical Activity in Children With Cerebral Palsy

More of the Same Is Not Enough

Verschuren, O., Darrah, J., Novak, I., Ketelaar, M. & Wiart,L.


Differences in habitual physical activity levels of young people with cerebral palsy

and their typically developing peers: a systematic review.

Carlon, S.L., Taylor, N.F., Dodd, K.J. & Shields, N.


Physical activity in a total population

of children and adolescents with cerebral palsy.

Lauruschkus, K., Westbom, L., Hallström, I., Wagner, P. & Nordmark, E.


A systematic review of supported standing programs

Glickman, L.B., Geigle, P.R. & Paleg, G.S.


Physical activity in young children with cerebral palsy

Zwier, J.N., Schie, P.E., Becher, J.G., Smits, D., Gorter, J.W. & Dallmeijer, A.J.


The Effects of the Norsk Funktion-Walking Orthosis

on the Walking Ability of Children With Cerebral Palsy and Severe Gait Impairment

Product: NF-Walker
Kuenzle, C. & Brunner, R.


Contribution of stepping while standing to function

and secondary conditions among children with cerebral palsy

Product: NF-Walker
Eisenberg, S., Zuk, L., Carmeli, E. & Katz-Leurer, M.


Quantifying weight bearing while in passive standers and a comparison of standers

Kecskemethy, H.H., Herman, D., May, R., Paul, K., Bachrach, S.J. & Henderson RC.


Exercise Programs for Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review of the Literature

Verschuren, O., Ketelaar, M., Takken, T., Helders, P.J.M. & Gorter, J. W.


Quantifying weight bearing by children with cerebral palsy while in passive standers

Herman, D., May, R., Vogel, L., Johnson, J. & Henderson, RC.


Promotion of Physical Fitness and Prevention of Secondary Conditions for Children With Cerebral Palsy

Section on Pediatrics Research Summit Proceedings

Fowler, E.G., Kolobe, T.H.A., Damiano, D.L., Thorpe, D.E., Morgan, D.W., Brunstrom, J.E., Coster, W.J., Henderson, R.C., Pitetti, K.H., Rimmer, J.H., Rose, J. & Stevenson, R.D.


Activity, activity, activity: Rethinking our physical therapy approach to cerebral palsy

It elaborates on the take-home message from that talk, which was to promote activity in children and adults with cerebral palsy and other central nervous system disorders.

Department of Neurology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63110, USA


Evaluation of the longer-term use of the David Hart Walker Orthosis

by children with cerebral palsy: a 3-year prospective evaluation.

Product: NF-Walker
Wright, F.V. & Jutai, J.W.


Heart rate and heart rate variability parameters at rest,

during activity and passive standing among children with cerebral palsy GMFCS IV-V.

Israeli-Mendlovic, H., Mendlovic, J. & Katz-Leurer, M.


Effects of a Dynamic Versus a Static Prone Stander

on Bone Mineral Density and Behavior in Four Children with Severe Cerebral Palsy

Gudjonsdottir, B. & Stemmons Mercer V.